Handrails are defined as rail that is fixed to a post or a wall used for stability or support. Handrails are commonly used in ascending or descending stairways and escalators to prevent injurious falls. There are several conditions included in this standard:
- Missing: missing is defined as several scenarios:
- A ramp has a rise of more than 6” or a horizontal projection greater than 72” (six feet) and does not have a railing present that is at least 28” from the surface and not more than 42” on both sides of the ramp.
- It should be noted that a ramp includes any running slope that has a pitch that is 5% /1:20 (one inch of rise for every 20” of ramp length). If the running slope has a pitch of more than 5%, then a railing is required on both sides.
- In accordance with UFAS 4.8.5, Curb Ramps should not be included in this requirement, even if the run length is 6 feet or more on the curb ramp.
- A set of stairs does not have a railing where there are four or more risers present.
- Damaged: Railings on steps or ramps cannot be loose or otherwise damaged.
- Movement is present on railings when tested with moderate force.
- Handrails must be able to withstand normal pressure along the top edge of a railing.
- Handrails must be firmly attached at the anchor points.
|Def#||Deficiency||Severity||Repair Due||HCV Rating|
|1||Handrail is missing (Evidence of Prior Installation)||Moderate||30 Days||Fail|
|2||Handrail is not secure/movement at the anchors||Moderate||30 Days||Fail|
|3||Handrail is not continuous for a full length of a stair flight||Moderate||30 Days||Fail|
|3||Handrail is less than 28” in height||Moderate||30 Days||Fail|
|3||Handrail is more than 42” in height||Moderate||30 Days||Fail|
|4||Handrail is missing on steps with four or more risers||Low||60 Days||Pass|
|4||Ramp longer than 6 feet missing handrails on both sides||Low||60 Days||Pass|
|4||Ramp with a 6”+ rise missing a railing on both sides||Low||60 Days||Pass|