An elevator is a vertical transport vehicle, generally powered by electric motors that drive traction cables and counterweight systems or pump hydraulic fluid to raise a cylindrical piston. During the inspection, the elevator certificate should be verified. However, no deficiency is included for either (a) failure to provide a certificate or (b) an expired certificate.
The inspection should include reviewing any safety devices or doors associated with the elevator. At the same time, elevators have no specific design requirement; whatever safety device is present must operate as intended.
- The safety system should be tested by blocking the door and triggering the safety door system. To test this system, while the elevator door is closing, place an object in the path of the closing door to see if the door stops closing due to the obstruction.
- If the elevator was not designed with a safety system, it should not be cited; only cite the issue if there is an elevator safety system and it was found to be malfunctioning.
- Lastly, the elevator should be level with the adjoining floor. There should not be a 3/4” or greater difference between the elevator car and the adjoining floor.
|Elevator is inoperable
|Elevator door does not fully open or close
|Elevator cab is not level (3/4” or more) with the floor
|Safety edge device has malfunctioned or is inoperable