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Conductors, Outlets, Switches

Lighting and Electrical » Conductors, Outlets, Switches

This standard relates to any exposed electrical conductor that presents a hazard. This includes an electrical conductor that is not enclosed or properly insulated (e.g., damaged sheathing, open port, missing knockout, missing outlet or switch cover, missing breaker or…

Fences and Gates

Site and Grounds » Fences and Gates

Fences are only inspected if the fence, upright structure (e.g., solid wall), form a security perimeter. The type of fence does not impact the standards in any way. All security fences should be inspected to determine if the fence is leaning, components are missing and…

Address and Signage

Site and Grounds » Address and Signage

Property signage includes signs near building entrances, either above or alongside the entrance or on a nearby post, as well as roadway entrances. This category can include large monument signs and any other signs that identify the location of the property, its name,…

Site and Grounds

Site and Grounds

Walkways and Ramps

Site and Grounds » Walkways and Ramps

This standard for walkways, sidewalks, and ramps specifically addresses walking surfaces that are blocked or obstructed. “Blocked and obstructed” has two definitions: first, large fixed objects prevent access to a walkway or ramp. Secondly, where the width…

Lighting and Electrical

Lighting and Electrical

Windows and Doors

Windows and Doors

Roof Drains and Ponding

Structural » Roofing » Roof Drains and Ponding

Issues related to Roof Drains and Ponding include damaged gutters and drains, as well as standing water on the roofing. Gutters and Downspouts Buildings are not required to have gutters or downspouts Any missing components on the building’s gutters and…

Fire and Life Safety

Fire and Life Safety

Private Roads and Driveways

Site and Grounds » Private Roads and Driveways

This standard covers driveways and private roads of any material (asphalt, concrete, dirt, gravel, paving stones), expansion joints, curbing, gutters, utility access covers, and rebar. These areas are inspected for two deficiencies – potholes and significant…

Heating and Cooling (HVAC)

Mechanical » Heating and Cooling (HVAC)

Flooring and Floor Covering

Finishes & Railings » Flooring and Floor Covering

Flooring and floor covering refer to the substrate (underlayment, concrete, etc.) and coverings such as tile, vinyl covering, and carpet. It does not refer to loose or unfixed covering, like an area rug. The following are clarifications on design related to flooring…

Ceiling Covering and Finishes

Finishes & Railings » Ceiling Covering and Finishes

Ceilings enclose a room, protect shaft or circulation space, create an enclosure of and separation between spaces, and control the diffusion of light and sound around a room. They have fire-resistant properties and may also accommodate building services such as vents,…

Wall Covering and Finishes

Finishes & Railings » Wall Covering and Finishes

A wall covering is a vertical surface that may define an area and provide security, shelter, or soundproofing. The surface provides a vertical separation between rooms or spaces and may provide security or privacy, soundproofing, climate control, and fire protection.…

GFCI and AFCI Protection

Lighting and Electrical » GFCI and AFCI Protection

A ground fault circuit interrupter, a GFCI or GFI, is an inexpensive electrical device that can be installed in your electrical system or built into a power cord to protect you from severe electrical shocks. GFCIs have played a key role in reducing electrocutions. The…

REAC Inspection Cycle and Ratings

Using This Manual » REAC Scoring with NSPIRE » REAC Inspection Cycle and Ratings

For properties previously subject to UPCS, HUD intends to continue setting the maximum score to 100, failing scores of 59 and below. The score will dictate the amount of time between inspections; follow-up scheduling on failed inspections may vary depending on previous…

NSPIRE Inspectable Areas

Using This Manual » NSPIRE Inspectable Areas

On HUD NSPIRE Inspections, all findings are organized into three “Areas” – Inside, Outside, and Units. The “Outside” areas include components on the grounds, parking areas, exterior amenities, and structural components such as walls, foundations, and…

Infestation

Hazardous Conditions » Infestation

This deficiency should be recorded if there are potentially disease-carrying animals or insects. This category includes insects, rodents, and other pests observed inside, outside, or in dwelling units. Pests can include bees, wasps, termites, bedbugs, ants, spiders,…

Min. Electrical & Lighting

Lighting and Electrical » Min. Electrical & Lighting

This standard outlines a requirement to have a minimum amount of electrical receptacles and/or lighting in habitable rooms. This standard only applies to dwelling units and should not be applied to common area locations or anything outside. This standard is a carry…

Delayed Scoring Deficiencies

Using This Manual » REAC Scoring with NSPIRE » Non-Scoring Items » Delayed Scoring Deficiencies

The NSPIRE standards include a number of new design requirements. These items will not be scored for the first year of NSPIRE (expiring 10/1/2024). Repairs will be required if cited on an inspection, so the delay in scoring should not be perceived as a delay in the…

Affirmative Habitability Requirements

Using This Manual » REAC Scoring with NSPIRE » Non-Scoring Items » Affirmative Habitability Requirements

TABLE 64—AFFIRMATIVE HABITABILITY REQUIREMENTS Inspectable Item Location Deficiency Bathtub and Shower Unit Bathtub or shower cannot be used in private. Cabinet and Storage Unit Food storage space is not…

NSPIRE ACE Certification Course Description

Using This Manual » NSPIRE ACE Certification Course Description

US Housing Consultant’s Understanding NSPIRE Accredited Compliance Expert (ACE) Course Description US Housing Consultants full-day NSPIRE course covers this entire manual following the chapter outline and the live session includes additional resources and…

Showers/Bathtubs

Bathroom/Laundry » Showers/Bathtubs

Showers and Bathtubs have the same standards in dwelling units and public/common facilities. This section handles the bathtub or shower basin and the associated hardware, such as faucets, stoppers, drains, valves, and shower heads or sprayers. This also includes a…

NSPIRE Implementation for CPD Programs

Using This Manual » Applicability » NSPIRE Implementation for CPD Programs

A notice Docket No. FR-6086-N-07 in the Federal Register announced the extension of the date for Community Planning and Development (CPD) programs to comply with NSPIRE. HOME, HTF, HOPWA, ESG, and CoC programs have until October 1, 2024, to comply with the new…

NSPIRE Fundamental Differences

Using This Manual » NSPIRE Fundamental Differences

There are numerous differences between NSPIRE and the predecessor inspection protocols – UPCS and HQS. Housing Quality Standards (HQS) were used for “Results Based” Inspections and UPCS Inspections were “Risk Based” inspections. A risk-based inspection…

Kitchen Cabinetry

Kitchens » Kitchen Cabinetry

Dwelling units must contain an area to store, prepare, and cook food. Kitchen cabinetry should be inspected by opening each door and drawer and checking inside the cabinets and drawers with a flashlight for water stains, loose materials, and deterioration. Check the…

Implementation Dates

Using This Manual » Applicability » Implementation Dates

NSPIRE is to be implemented in two groups – one for Public and Indian Housing programs as of July 1, 2023, and the remaining programs will be effective as of 10/1/2023. The following is a citation from the final notice published on 5/11/2023: This rule has…

Roofing

Structural » Roofing

Roofing is designed to protect the interior from exterior elements and collect and redirect the accumulation of precipitation from the roof surface to the ground or drainage system. Inspecting roofing elements can be performed on a flat roof by physically accessing the…

Carbon Monoxide Alarms

Fire and Life Safety » Carbon Monoxide Alarms

Carbon monoxide (chemical formula CO) is a poisonous, colorless, odorless, tasteless, flammable gas that is slightly less dense than air. Carbon monoxide is harmful when breathed because it displaces oxygen in the blood and deprives the heart, brain, and other vital…

Extension of NSPIRE Compliance Date for HCV Programs

Using This Manual » Voucher Programs » Extension of NSPIRE Compliance Date for HCV Programs

HUD extended the compliance date for National Standards for the Physical Inspection of Real Estate (NSPIRE) final rule for Housing Choice Voucher (HCV) and Project Based Voucher (PBV) programs until October 1, 2024. NSPIRE was scheduled to go into effect October 1,…

Annual Self-Inspections

Using This Manual » Annual Self-Inspections

As part of the NSPIRE update, HUD Multifamily Programs will now be subject to the same requirements as Public Housing, which requires that all units be subject to annual inspection. Per the final NSPIRE notice. Section 5.707 Uniform self-inspection requirement and…

Common Area Showers/Bathtubs

Bathroom/Laundry » Showers/Bathtubs » Common Area Showers/Bathtubs

Showers and Bathtubs in non-unit locations do not include any centrally located showers or bathtubs such as in group homes or SROs where the showers/bathtubs are shared facilities. In those cases, the showers/bathtubs should be associated with a sampled unit. The…

Windows

Windows and Doors » Windows

Windows are inspected on the interior of the building in both the units and common areas. The standards for windows in the dwelling units and in non-dwelling unit areas (e.g., “Common Areas”) are the same for each part of the windows. However, the severity…

Guardrails

Finishes & Railings » Guardrails

Guardrails are required to prevent fall hazards on raised walking surfaces where there is a drop off on the side(s) of the walkway surface of 30” from the floor or grade below. Raised walking surfaces can include balconies, stairs, ramps, decks, rooftops, and…

Post Survey Requirements

Using This Manual » Annual Self-Inspections » Post Survey Requirements

As part of the scoring notice update, HUD has included a new requirement that at the end of each REAC Inspection, the property must do a full inspection of its own and then report the findings and repair records to HUD. “Completion of a Post-report Survey: At the…

Unit Showers/Bathtubs

Bathroom/Laundry » Showers/Bathtubs » Unit Showers/Bathtubs

Showers and Bathtubs are required in dwelling units unless the unit is a SRO or equivilent unit where the shower facilities are centrally located. In those cases, the centrally located shower should be inspected as part of the dwelling unit. The inspector should…

Min. HVAC Requirements

Mechanical » Heating and Cooling (HVAC) » Min. HVAC Requirements

The heating and cooling system is inspected to determine if the equipment is safe and functional. There are three systems evaluated under this standard: Heating: A system consisting of a heat source and method of distribution designed to heat the surrounding air and…

Toilets

Bathroom/Laundry » Toilets

Restrooms and bathrooms are required to have a functional toilet. To determine if the toilet is operating as intended, test the toilet by following these steps: Open the toilet seat and lid. Lightly apply pressure to the side of the toilet and ensure that it does…

Refrigerators

Kitchens » Refrigerators

Refrigerators and freezers are required in dwelling units unless the unit has a shared kitchen. The refrigerator must have all elements intact, functional, and free of damage, and the freezer and refrigerator must maintain the proper temperature. The International…

Exit Signs

Fire and Life Safety » Exit Signs

Under these standards, exit signs are not required to be installed in a building based on its design, location, age, or other characteristics. Additionally, there are no requirements for what type of sign is used, where they are installed, and the consistency of use in…

Site Drainage

Site and Grounds » Site Drainage

Site drainage refers to exterior systems that direct surface water, such as French drains, culverts, ditches, retention, detention basins, and curbing. This deficiency also includes grounds erosion close to structures such as fences, walls, foundations, parking areas,…

Parking Lots

Site and Grounds » Parking Lots

The parking lot standard is confined to two conditions: potholes and ponding water or ice affecting more than 5 percent of the parking area. For this standard, parking areas/lots include parking areas of all materials (gravel, dirt, pavers, asphalt) and include wheel…

Structural

Structural

This standard refers to a condition observed during the inspection which reveals a sign of an imminent failure of a building’s structure or surrounding areas, which, if unaddressed, could result in bodily harm. This can include load-bearing systems within the…

Flammables or Combustibles

Hazardous Conditions » Flammables or Combustibles

Flammable and combustible materials must be appropriately stored to prevent accidental fires. This deficiency can be cited in the interior and exterior of the building. This deficiency is commonly found within a unit near mechanical equipment such as water heaters,…

Bathroom & Laundry Cabinets

Bathroom/Laundry » Bathroom & Laundry Cabinets

There is no requirement to have cabinetry in laundry rooms or restrooms in dwelling units or common areas. The standards outlined for cabinetry and countertops are included under the same section as kitchen cabinetry; the exception is that there is no standard for…

Structural System

Structural » Structural System

This standard refers to a condition observed during the inspection which reveals a sign of an imminent failure of a building’s structure or surrounding areas, which, if unaddressed, could result in bodily harm. This can include load-bearing systems within the…

HVAC Equipment

Mechanical » Heating and Cooling (HVAC) » HVAC Equipment

The heating and cooling system is inspected to determine if the equipment is safe and functional. Inspection Procedure Look at the system or device to confirm the exhaust vent is: – present; properly connected through to the ceiling or wall; and free of any…

Sinks

Bathroom/Laundry » Sinks

Sinks are inspected to determine if the faucet and other hardware operate as intended. This includes evaluating how the sink is installed, attached to the wall or vanity, and whether it is properly mounted. An inspection of a sink includes a review of the…

Range Hood/Fan

Kitchens » Range Hood/Fan

Kitchens are not required to have a motorized exhaust system. However, if the system exists or there is evidence of prior installation, it should be cited as an issue. The exhaust fan should be inspected to determine the following: Is the system ducted to the…

Clothes Dryers

Mechanical » Clothes Dryers

Clothes dryers are inspected for several factors, with most emphasis on the dryer exhaust system. The system is connected to the clothes dryer vent outlet that exhausts air from the dryer blower to a designated area. Remove combustion gases (including carbon monoxide),…

HOME Program Sampling

Using This Manual » Unit Sampling » HOME Program Sampling

For “HOME 24 CFR Part 92.504 (d)(1)(D)”:https://www.law.cornell.edu/cfr/text/24/92.504 (D) Inspections must be based on a statistically valid sample of units appropriate for the size of the HOME-assisted project,” as set forth by HUD through notice.…

Garage Doors

Windows and Doors » Garage Doors

Garage doors are frequently large enough to accommodate automobiles and other vehicles. Small garage doors may be constructed as a single panel that tilts up and back across the garage ceiling. Garage doors are inspected for two conditions: A hole in the door that…

Exterior Wall Coverings

Structural » Exterior Wall Coverings

The building’s wall covering refers to any material on the building envelope regardless of age, type of construction, or use and purpose of the structure. The standards for building wall coverings relate to the essential function of exterior walls: to provide…

Bathroom Exhaust Fan

Bathroom/Laundry » Bathroom Exhaust Fan

Some form of ventilation is required in all restrooms and bathrooms. Ventilation can consist of a window, a passive vent, or a motorized exhaust fan. To test the ventilation in the bathroom, the following steps should be followed: Open the restroom/bathroom window…

Pass or Fail Ratings

Using This Manual » Voucher Programs » Pass or Fail Ratings

NSPIRE also defines whether or not a unit “passes” or “fails” for inspections on voucher programs and any application of NSPIRE where a pass or fail designation is required. In any unit, if there is one deficiency with a “Fail” designation, the entire unit…

Floor Drains

Mechanical » Floor Drains

This standard refers to a sanitary drain opening on a floor in the common or public area and dwelling units. This can include a strainer, grate, covers, trap, and trap seal. This standard covers two conditions: When the drain is blocked as evidenced by standing water,…

Light Fixtures (Exterior)

Lighting and Electrical » Light Fixtures (Exterior)

This standard refers to permanently installed light fixtures on the exterior of the building or the site/grounds (e.g., walkway lighting, pole lighting, wall packs, and canopy lights) that illuminate exterior areas (e.g., entryways, parking lots, and exterior…

Stairs & Steps

Finishes & Railings » Stairs & Steps

Stairs on the interior or exterior of a building are evaluated for their condition and general safety. Stairs include several inspectable components: Stringer: A stair stringer (also called ‘string’ or ‘stringer board’) is the housing on…

Common Area Windows

Windows and Doors » Windows » Common Area Windows

Windows are inspected on the interior of the building in both the units and common areas. The windows are inspected to determine if they function as intended, which relates to their ability to open, close, and lock. Additionally, the window’s elements relate to…

Smoke Alarms

Fire and Life Safety » Smoke Alarms

This inspection protocol specifies where smoke detectors should be located in dwelling units. Smoke detectors/alarms are required in dwelling units in the following locations: Inside each sleeping room (e.g., bedroom); and, Outside each sleeping room; and, Within…

Duplicate Defects

Using This Manual » REAC Scoring with NSPIRE » Non-Scoring Items » Duplicate Defects

In the NSPIRE Scoring Notice dated 7/7/23, HUD clarified that multiple deficiencies in the same location, cited in the same category/standard/deficiency will be recorded individually but will be scored one time per location. HUD will continue citing a deficiency…

Cooking Appliances

Kitchens » Cooking Appliances

Do all the heating elements on the stove or range produce heat and properly regulate the heat? This includes all range burners, broilers, and bake elements on a range/stove. To determine if range elements are properly regulating heat, look for conditions such…

NSPIRE Severity Ratings

Using This Manual » NSPIRE Severity Ratings

Each inspection standard and deficiency in NSPIRE includes a “Rating,” which determines two factors – 1) The issue’s possible impact on safety, and 2) whether or not the issue creates a life-threatening condition. Additionally, the ratings are used to…

Entry Doors

Windows and Doors » Entry Doors

The deficiencies of the “Entry Door Standard” have been divided into two categories for the purpose of this, as there are many different deficiencies for this one item, and dividing them into “Hardware” and “Surface” issues creates…

Kitchen Sinks

Kitchens » Kitchen Sinks

Sinks are inspected to determine if the faucet and other hardware operate as intended. This includes evaluating how the sink is installed, how it is attached to the wall or countertop, and whether it is properly mounted. An inspection of a sink includes a review of the…

Plumbing & Water Leaks

Mechanical » Plumbing & Water Leaks

This standard relates to leaks in plumbing systems and leaks from HVAC and domestic hot water systems. This section includes the following: Water leaks into a building from environmental issues. Look for any leaking or discoloration. Look for swelling window…

Foundations

Structural » Foundations

The foundation of a building is the lowest structural floor or wall, which may be visible on the inside or outside of the building. The standard for foundation maintains the same deficiencies for all locations on the inspection. The inspection standards include an…

Unit Windows

Windows and Doors » Windows » Unit Windows

The windows in the units are inspected to determine if they function as intended, which relates to their ability to open, close, and lock. Additionally, the window’s elements relate to the physical structure, including the frame, sill, seal, weather stripping,…

Using This Manual

Using This Manual

This manual is being offered at no cost by US Housing Consultants, but it may not be redistributed without the written consent of US Housing Consultants. It may not be copied without consent and attribution. This manual has reworded some NSPIRE standards to conform…

Lead Based Paint

Hazardous Conditions » Lead Based Paint

For properties constructed before 1978, there is a possibility that paint on the interior or exterior of the building may contain lead. Lead-based paint (LBP) is paint or another surface coating that contains lead equal to or exceeding federal regulatory levels,…

Grab Bars

Bathroom/Laundry » Grab Bars

This standard refers to grab bars installed in bathrooms or restrooms, which are safety devices designed to be grasped and enable a person to maintain balance or utilize restroom fixtures. This can include wall-mounted grab bars at toilets or showers. There is no…

General Doors

Windows and Doors » General Doors

This standard relates to non-fire-rated and non-entry doors on the interior or exterior of the building. On the interior of the building, these are referred to as passage doors, and on the outside, they are referred to as exterior doors. The doors should be inspected…

Elevators

Mechanical » Elevators

An elevator is a vertical transport vehicle, generally powered by electric motors that drive traction cables and counterweight systems or pump hydraulic fluid to raise a cylindrical piston. During the inspection, the elevator certificate should be verified. However,…

Non-Scoring Items

Using This Manual » REAC Scoring with NSPIRE » Non-Scoring Items

Smoke Detectors and CO Alarm issues will continue to be non-scoring in keeping with the longstanding practice of not scoring smoke detector defects under the UPCS scoring methodology. HUD will not score smoke detector defects but will continue to use an asterisk (*) to…

Call for Aid System

Fire and Life Safety » Call for Aid System

A resident uses a call-for-aid system to summon aid during a medical emergency. They can come in the form of a system that alerts an external emergency response source, or an internal notification system, typically with alarms and lights. These systems are not…

Trash Chutes

Fire and Life Safety » Trash Chutes

This standard relates to a system that utilizes a large tube to carry refuse to a centralized waste container. For this inspection, three elements are inspected. First, the chute door, typically located in a hallway or closet, must have a self-closing device that…

Entry Door Surface

Windows and Doors » Entry Doors » Entry Door Surface

This standard refers to doors used for entry into units, common area rooms, and other locations where there is a presumption of privacy or security between locations (e.g., from the hallway into a unit but not within a unit). This standard refers to the physical…

Water Heaters

Mechanical » Water Heaters

Water heaters include all devices designed to generate and store hot water for domestic use. Typical domestic uses of water heaters include providing hot water for cooking, cleaning, bathing, and space heating. Several elements of the water heater are observed during…

HTF Unit Sampling

Using This Manual » Unit Sampling » HTF Unit Sampling

Inspections for properties funded with the Housing Trust Fund Program use their own sampling NHTF 24 CFR 93.404(d)(2)(V) The regulations state: Inspections must be based on a statistically valid sample of units appropriate for the size of the HTF-assisted project,…

Auxiliary Lights

Fire and Life Safety » Auxiliary Lights

Some buildings are equipped with emergency power lighting, also known as auxiliary lighting. There is no requirement for these fixtures to be installed under this inspection protocol; however, if they are installed, they must meet the following standards: The…

Kitchen Countertops

Kitchens » Kitchen Countertops

Countertops are flat surface installations in kitchens or food preparation spaces that are generally used for food preparation and are made of nonporous surfaces that are designed to be cleaned. Kitchen countertops should be inspected for wear and tear, which may be…

Handrails

Finishes & Railings » Handrails

Handrails are defined as rail that is fixed to a post or a wall used for stability or support. Handrails are commonly used in ascending or descending stairways and escalators to prevent injurious falls. There are several conditions included in this standard: Missing:…

Retaining Walls

Site and Grounds » Retaining Walls

Under the NSPIRE standards, retaining walls are only inspected if they are more than 24 inches in height. A retaining wall is designed to retain soil, rock, and gravel at various grades and heights. The wall should be inspected to ensure it is not leaning away from the…

HOTMA LT Deficiencies

Using This Manual » Voucher Programs » HOTMA LT Deficiencies

As described in the notice, HUD proposes to update the list of life-threatening conditions included on the Housing Opportunity Through Modernization Act of 2016 Life-Threatening List (“HOTMA LT”) for the HCV and PBV programs. All of the items below are designated…

REAC Score Rounding

Using This Manual » REAC Scoring with NSPIRE » REAC Score Rounding

Rounding: Calculated scores will be rounded to the nearest whole number with one exception. For properties that score between 59 and 60, the score will be rounded down to 59.

Light Fixtures (Interior)

Lighting and Electrical » Light Fixtures (Interior)

This standard refers to permanently installed lighting fixtures, defined as lighting controlled by a wall-mounted switch. These fixtures are inspected for: Operability Physical security (e.g., loose or unmounted) Whether they provide adequate light for a bathroom…

Applicability

Using This Manual » Applicability

In January 2021, HUD released an administrative notice which indicated which programs were changing to NSPIRE after the demonstration program had ended. Below is a chart of HUD Housing programs in Community Planning and Development, Multifamily Housing, and Public and…

Tripping Hazards

Hazardous Conditions » Tripping Hazards

Tripping hazards have the same definitions on the exterior, interior, and dwelling units. Tripping hazards are defined as abrupt changes in vertical elevation or horizontal separation on any walking surface along the normal path of travel. There must be a difference of…

Electric Service Panels

Lighting and Electrical » Electric Service Panels

Electric service panels are in enclosures, cabinets, boxes, or panel boards containing overcurrent protection devices for controlling light, heat, appliances, and power circuits. This standard refers to three conditions related to electric service panels: Obstructed…

Mold-Like Substances

Hazardous Conditions » Mold-Like Substances

This standard refers to moisture damage to interior surfaces. Under the NSPIRE standards, HUD refers to this as a “mold-like substance.” A “mold-like substance” can include regular or irregular patches or spots on surfaces that may be colored…

Entry Door Hardware

Windows and Doors » Entry Doors » Entry Door Hardware

This standard refers to doors used for entry into units, common area rooms, and other locations where there is a presumption of privacy or security between locations (e.g., from the hallway into a unit but not within a unit). “Door hardware” refers to any equipment…

Unit Sampling

Using This Manual » Unit Sampling

The unit sampling methodology differentiates by funding program. NSPIRE does not designate unit sampling other than for inspections conducted by REAC. Properties inspected for Low-Income Housing Tax Credits, HOME, Housing Trust Fund, and other programs will follow the…

Chimneys

Structural » Chimneys

This standard refers to a visible chimney extending from a fireplace or wood-burning appliance or any building that conveys combustion exhaust to the exterior. The following conditions are inspected under this standard: A damaged chimney or missing elements and its…

Fire Labeled Doors

Windows and Doors » Fire Labeled Doors

This standard relates to all doors with a fire-resistant rating, which is part of a passive fire protection system. The existence, or lack thereof, of a fire label on a fire-rated door, does not affect these standards. If the label on the fire-rated door is missing,…

Gas & Oil Leaks

Mechanical » Gas & Oil Leaks

If there is evidence of a gas, propane, or oil leak, or there is an uncapped gas or fuel supply line, then the resident may be exposed to harmful gases and be at an increased risk of asphyxiation, which may result in death. Def# Deficiency Severity…

Roof Assembly

Structural » Roofing » Roof Assembly

The roofing surfaces have to be inspected to ensure that there is no damage to the roofing membrane, shingles, or any other materials such as scuppers, flashing, roofing ventilation, or soffit/fascia. The roofing material and associated components can be inspected from…

Fire Sprinkler Assembly

Fire and Life Safety » Fire Sprinkler Assembly

The building’s fire protection sprinkler system is inspected on buildings where these systems are present. There is no requirement under this standard for any building to have a sprinkler system, only that the systems are free from signs of damage. The standard…

NSPIRE Scoring Process

Using This Manual » REAC Scoring with NSPIRE » NSPIRE Scoring Process

There are four severity ratings and three inspectable areas, which results in twelve different values: Severity Rating Outside Inside Units Life Threatening 49.60 54.50 60.00 Severe 12.20 13.40…

Blocked Egress

Hazardous Conditions » Blocked Egress

This standard relates to scenarios where the primary means of egress in a unit or building is blocked, obstructed, do not open, or utilizes hardware that requires a key to operate. Blocking Egress & Rescue Openings Resident-owned property should not be evaluated as…

LIHTC Unit Sampling

Using This Manual » Unit Sampling » LIHTC Unit Sampling

For compliance reviews for the Low Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) Program, unit sampling is governed by – Treas. Reg. 1.42-5. (B) Number of low-income units. The Agency must conduct on-site inspections and low-income certification reviews of not fewer than…